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Europe\'s economic recovery stalls: data

12 lutego, 2010

Europe\'s economic recovery has stalled, new data out on Friday showed, with the heavyweight German economy slowing to a halt in the fourth quarter of 2009 and Italy switching back to contraction.

Economic growth in the 16 nations using the euro single currency was a meagre 0.1 percent over the previous quarter compared to 0.4 percent growth in the third quarter, data agency Eurostat said.

Gross domestic product fell by 4.0 percent over the whole year, it added.

Elsewhere in Europe, growth slowed to 0.3 percent in the Netherlands and to 0.4 percent in Austria but the recovery sped up in France, where growth was at 0.6 percent for the fourth quarter compared to 0.3 percent in the third.

There was a mixed picture in Central and Eastern Europe too. The Czech Republic fell back into contraction following two quarters of growth, while Hungary\'s prospects were brighter as the contraction slowed to 0.4 percent.

Europe in general has begun to emerge from what is in most cases record recessions, but the recovery process is expected to be slow and bumpy because business investment and consumer consumption are still weak in many cases.

Full year figures showed that Germany, the biggest European economy, contracted by 5.0 percent in 2009, France by 2.2 percent, the Netherlands by 4.0 percent, Austria by 3.6 percent and the Czech Republic by 4.3 percent.

The latest German data showed that "the recovery of the German economy lost momentum at the end of 2009," the Destatis office said in a statement.

The German economy is heavily dependent on exports and once again they made the only positive contribution in the final three months of the year, since consumption and business investment were both down, Destatis said.

On Tuesday, the International Monetary Fund nonetheless forecast German growth of 1.5 percent this year, slightly higher than the government\'s forecast of 1.4 percent.

"Today\'s numbers are a setback but no disillusion," ING senior economist Carsten Brzeski stressed in reference to the German figures.

"The eurozone growth engine has taken a break in the fourth quarter but it should return soon," he added, while noting that the numbers were "a good reminder that recoveries can not only be bumpy but also capricious."

UniCredit economist Andreas Rees said that "the situation of the German economy is fundamentally far better than it looks like from a statistical viewpoint."

But "with the recent return of risk aversion in financial markets, doubts about the strength of the recovery have again emerged." Brzeski warned.

In its estimate, Eurostat also said that, compared with the same quarter in 2008, seasonally adjusted gross domestic product (GDP) decreased by 2.1 percent in the eurozone.

In the full 27-nation European Union, growth also rose by 0.1 percent in the fourth quarter compared to the previous three months, and decreased by 2.3 percent over the year.