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Impact of TBI (Traumatic Brain Injury) on the Value of a Legal Case Considering Long-Term Health Consequences.

Dariusz J. Nasiek, MD - Accident Related Therapy & Pain Management
November 10, 2023

Impact of TBI (Traumatic Brain Injury) on the Value of a Legal Case Considering Long-Term Health Consequences.
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The presence of long-term health consequences, such as an increased risk of dementia and decreased life expectancy, substantially adds to the complexity and potential value of a TBI case. Let's examine these points more closely.

Increased Risk of Dementia

Research, including a study in the journal Lancet Psychiatry, indicates that a person with a TBI is 2.3 to 4 times more likely to develop dementia. This severe and chronic condition requires long-term, often lifelong, care and can lead to significant medical expenses. If the plaintiff is young, this could translate into decades of expensive maintenance. In financial terms, according to the Alzheimer's Association's 2020 report, the average lifetime cost of care for an individual with dementia is estimated to be $350,174. This doesn't include potential lost wages from family members who might need to act as caregivers.

Reduced Life Expectancy

The reduction in life expectancy by nine years, as indicated in a study published in the Journal of Neurotrauma, is another profound factor. This could lead to a more significant claim for loss of life's pleasures or loss of consortium, in addition to increasing the value of future medical expenses and lost earnings. The calculation here would be complex and depend heavily on the plaintiff's age, profession, average lifetime earnings, and other personal factors.

Aggravation of Damages

The enhanced risk of dementia and decreased life expectancy could also potentially aggravate the pain and suffering damages. These damages, though more subjective, are nonetheless actual and significant. Considering the severe impact on a person's life due to dementia and a shorter lifespan, the jury might award substantial compensation for these non-economic damages.

Considering this, the value of a legal case with a documented TBI could be significantly higher than initially estimated.

Nasiek, Dariusz, MD, Pain Management

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